Gender Violence in Monalisa Changkija’s Weapons of Words on Pages of Pain
Gender Violence is a term used in reference to belligerence, both physical and mental, that is directed against a person on the basis of Gender. Monalisa Changkija addresses the issue of this gendered phenomenon most articulately in her collection of poems Weapons of Words on Pages of Pain. She directs her pen to lashing out on violence perpetrated against women which has been known as the most pervasive yet least recognized human rights abuse in the world. This paper delves into the primary concern of the poet in regard to gender violence as being perpetrated upon women and perpetuated through menacing tentacles of societal mores within the context of patriarchal social relations exposing deep rooted inequality in gender relations.
Key Words: Gender Violence, Weapons of Words, Feminine Sensibility, Patriarchal, Domestic Violence, oppressive, societal mores.
Role of Open source Software in Building Institutional Repository with special reference to GSDL: A study
Prasanta Pratim Bairagi
Digital libraries have attracted almost all the developed and developing countries due to its features and the opportunities it extend to the information providers and information seekers. The digital library has the information in the electronic form and electronic media facilitates the access to information available in digital form at different places. Open source software like GSDL is a comprehensive digital library software for building an Institutional Repository. The paper presents and analyses the development of open source software and the creation of an Institutional Repository with GSDL. It describes digital library and its importance in details. The paper also describes how digital library collections can be created and customized with greenstone Librarian interface.
Key words:- Digital library, Open source software, GSDL, Institutional repository
Bharati Mukherjee’s Fiction: A Study on Cultural Metamorphosis
In the contemporary cultural space, a writer adopts the disguised posture of being a mediator between two cultures or countries. Often he is engaged in the business of enhancing the marketability of his work(s). The writer tries to perform the role of a surveyor of a strange culture and so he adopts the art of locating his work as a medium for inter/intra cultural exchange or trade. Bharati Mukherjee’s fiction acts as a cultural ship heading towards a specific(targeted) audience. Many of Mukherjee’s heroines efface their past which enables them to advance towards promising futures. They chose America as a land where their dreams would be realised. Indianness is used by Mukherjee rather as nostalgically or ironically to mock at traditional values, through which she tries to prove the American culture to be a better alternative. In order to sustain herself in the literary market, Mukherjee targets the Western audience. This paper makes an analysis on the commodification of culture and its sustainability in the market as found in Bharati Mukherjee’s fiction.
Key words : Culture, commodification, market, sustainability
Women’s Participation In Panchayati Raj : A Case Study of Kamrup District in Assam
Diganta Kumar Boroowa
In a country where democracy prevails, both men and women can participate in governance and development process. Though women have a large stake in politics, as large as that of men, they do not have equal share in political power. Most of the rural women folk are engaged in domestic and other household activities rather than participating in political activities. The development is not possible if women comprising half of the human resources, as labour force, stay away from the development process. The women all over the world have not only been marginalized, but have suffered from cruel and torturous behavior of male. Women form an integral part of the society, but they occupy a subservient position. Women participation in political decision making is their active engagement with public institutions including campaigning for election and pursuing such activities either individually or in groups. It is often found that rural women lack in decision making in any aspects whether economic, social, political or family matters and are dictated by their male counterpart. Under such a situation how far women of Kamrup district of Assam can actively participate in grass root level democracy is studied. By constructing awareness score and involvement score, the present paper highlighted about the factors responsible for active participation of rural women of Kamrup district in Panchayati Raj Institutions.
Key words : Women, Kamrup, Panchayati Raj.
Comparative study on noise pollution of Commercial and silence zone of Middle Assam North East India: a case study
Sound is mechanical energy from a vibrating source. But noise can be defined as unwanted sound or sound in wrong place at a wrong time. Noise has an adverse effect on human beings and their environment including domestic animals, and also on natural wildlife and ecological systems. An attempt has been made here to study noise pollution level in Nagaon town of Assam. Some perticular areas have been selected and divided into two zones, viz. (a) Commercial Zone and (b) Silence Zone. Noise level in the zones are collected at morning time between 8 a.m. to 10 a.m.: day time 12 p.m. to 2 p.m. and evening 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. It has been observed that the noise level ranges are 59.10 to 97.10 dB (A), and 33.20 to 70.20 dB (A) in commercial and silence areas respectively. Maximum noise level is found in commercial area due to heavy vehicular movement, high traffic congestion and outdated vehicles, narrow and poorly managed roads etc.
Key words: Noise, Decibel (dB), Sound Level Meter (SLM), Global Positioning System (GPS), buffer zones.
Spiritual Ecology: From restoration to Anima Mundi
In the cutting edge of science and technology, the world has been drastically altered and folks being driven to a culture of new-fangled frenzy. The exigency of eco-sanity is to be reinstated to replace the vicious scheme of ecocide. Eco-sanity is an optimistic approach to religious subject of environmentalism. To a large extent, anthropocentric perception is responsible for several environmental crisis resulting to global warming, ozone depletion and water scarcity to the loss of biological diversity. As a riposte to the ecological cataclysm, spiritual ecology propounds a wide spectrum of environmental concern by exploring the dynamic arena of intellectual and practical praxis at the interfaces between religions and spiritualities. The expression of the word ‘spiritual’ itself implies an awareness of the spiritual roots of our ecological crisis in bearing the Earth as a living entity, interconnected, animated and sacred whole. As much as humans are responsible for sabotaging the mother earth, likewise, restoring each human mind with the divine call of self-realization will attain the ‘ahimsa’ of reworking with the ‘Anima Mundi’. From a small scale research of qualitative data collection method, the paper rests on the issues of impending environmental perils and offers a vast array of spiritual dimensions in curbing the Global environmental predicament.
Key words: spirituality, self-realization, collective consciousness, ecology, sacred
Major women’s issues in Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of Rights of Women
Mary Wollstonecraft (27 April 1759 – 10 September 1797) was an English writer, and advocate of women’s right. She is best known for A Vindication of Rights of Women (1792), in which she argues that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appears to be only because they lack education. Taking a different position from the modern male thinkers of her era, she focussed on ideas such as reason, education, natural rights, social contract towards relation between genders and patriarchal authority of the family. She also suggests that both men and women should be treated as rational beings and imagines a social order founded on reason. Wollstonecraft produced classical writings that restored political theory with gender roles and private relations. Freedom, equality, virtue, reason, and genders and her criticism towards the society of her era are important issues to be looked at.
Key words : feminism, education, reason, liberalism, gender equality, gender regime.
Simon-The Defeated Christ In William Golding’s Lord of The Flies
The aim of this paper is to analyze the character of Simon in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies and compare his character to Christ’s character. Simon is marked by his goodness and lack of selfishness. He is more at one with nature than other boys and most importantly more at one with himself. He is not afraid of the dark because for him there is nothing to fear. Golding has portrayed Simon as someone so fragile yet so strong. This paper will mainly focus on the character of Simon, His inclinations to nature, his temptation and how his kindness and his truly good character leads to his downfall. This paper will emphasise the fragility of innocence and how even though Simon shows a glimpse of being Christ- like his crucifixion is unable to save his group of boys who had become savages
Key Words: Christ-like, Frailty, Resurrection, Morality, Savagery
Transcendentalism: A Clarion Call To The Modern Age
The coming of modernism brought huge change in the field of art, architecture, literature, science and religion. No wonder it has its positive impacts, but more so it saw the death of the spiritual lives of humanity at large. Modern men rejected the idea of the existence of God or goodness. With the help of the philosophies of transcendentalism, modern age saw a break through from the skepticism of the time. Anew approach to the meaning and understanding of transcendentalism through the works of the modern writers will be seen in this paper. Attempts will be made to clarify the background, situation, and time to which the transcendentalists formed the philosophical movement and what pursued them. The aim of this paper is to find certain connections between writers of two different ages and to juxtapose them into a complete union.
Key words: Transcendentalism, Spirituality, Inner-being, Humanity, Modernism, Nature.
A Quest for True Self in The Circle of Karma
Kunzang Choden in The Circle of Karma portrays the daily activities of the household. The relationship between mother – daughter, sister-sister, and woman-woman, how each like the other knows the truth yet fails to understand one another is explored in the work. The circle covers the life of Tsomo who wishes to study religion and become a nun. Caught in the materialistic world she faces the sufferings which she calls it her Karma. She is worrie about what her next birth would be like if she could not gather any merit in this birth.
Key words: Religion, karma, feminism, and gender
An analysis of The Great Gatsby by F.scott Fitzgerald novel and film
Akala W Ozukum
This paper involves a comparative analysis of major issues reflecting American 1920s society through F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsbyand BazLuhrmann’s 2013 film adaptation under the same title The Great Gatsby. The aim of this research is to present the similarities and dissimilarities in both genres by examining the treatment of themes, characters, issues and narratives and the politics of changes involved in the director’s presentation of the movie. The novel is filled with imageries and vivid description of the 1920s American society through which the major issues have been brought to light. I have closely examined how these external factors have affected Jay Gatsby’s achievement of the great American dream and whether the director gave justice to the much appraised great American novel THE GREAT GATSBY. In order to come to a conclusion I have analysed the novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald, movie adaptation by BazLuhrmann (2013) and books on film adaptation theories byGeorge Bluestone and B®laBalázs. As a result of completing the mentioned procedures of analyzing the film and the novel I have come to a conclusion and understanding that a novel and a film are two separate entities and form but dependent on and parallel to each other. This research has enabled me to understand that change is inevitable and necessary in the process of adaptation but they hold many things in common especially the major themes, incidents and characters.
Key-words: Adaptation, materialism, cinematic, creativity, socialclass, American dream.
Female Body as A Sight Of Abjection And Rebel in Mahasweta Devi’s Selected Stories
Women writing in India for decades have been neglected for various factors like their lack of knowledge about the outside world and their lack of rationality. Literally, women in India are usually entrapped inside the four walls of their home and are confined to domestic chores as their profession. Normative society often perceives that in the realm of finer profession like writing men can outshine women. Women’s writing is seen as sub standard as deals with domesticity, their fantasy, their emotional outburst and everything to do with their life. Men on the other hand claim to deal with wider thematic concern about the world rather than writing about their own life. In other word, the thematic concern, in women writing are seen as limited and constrained. However, one cannot deny that with the coming of age many Indian women writers in their literary works have dealt with wider subjects like class struggle, social evils and the marginalized group of people to awaken the world about the plight of oppressed people. Devi radically explores the unexplored marginalized group of people in India and confronted strong social taboo like female sexual violation and their indifferent reaction. This paper will focus on the women protagonists of Devi’s short stories “Draupadi” from Breast Stories, “The Hunt” and “Douloti the Bountiful” from Imaginary Maps.
Key-words: Tribal woman, Female body, Rape, Phallocentric, Rebel, Abject, Social evils
Existential Angst In Nine Hills, One Valley
Lucy H Swu
The play NINE HILLS, ONE VALLEY by Ratan Thiyam offers up a plea for peace in times of darkness caused by the violence and loss of cultural identity currently gripping Manipur, the state surrounded by nine hills. Through the play, Ratan Thiyam intends to send a message to restore the lost glory of his native land dealing not only under single theme but a collage of many thoughts and a presentation of contemporary ideas. He shows his deep intimacy with native traditions, myth and history in his plays. By revisiting the traditions, myths and the history of India in general and of Manipur in particular, and relocating them in the context of present socio- political and cultural milieu, Thiyam brings forth issues both perennial and contemporary such as war and violence, death and destruction, oppression and exploitation, anxiety and crisis of identity besides others. The play takes a look at the contemporary Manipur through the eyes of a concerned Manipuri who in his vision takes in contemporary Indian youth and their attitudes to past tradition and present conditions.
Key-words: Multiculturalism, Genocide, Displacement, Ethnic identity, Existential crisis.